Bonsai is a Japanese art form using cultivation techniques to produce small trees in containers that mimic the shape and size of full size trees. The Japanese tradition dates back over a thousand years.
The purposes of bonsai are primarily contemplation for the viewer, and the pleasant exercise of effort and ingenuity for the grower. By contrast with other plant cultivation practices, bonsai is not intended for production of food or for medicine. Instead, bonsai practice focuses on long-term cultivation and shaping of one or more small trees growing in a container.
Bonsai uses cultivation techniques like pruning, root reduction, potting, defoliation, and grafting to produce small trees that mimic the shape and style of mature, full-size trees.
They are unique, beautiful and a healthy, relaxing hobby for those who love creativity and nature.